Choice of material for outdoor / garden furniture

The exterior of a house or business space, which is intended for socializing and well-being, is very important, as it contributes to the whole architecture. The garden is an “outdoor living room”. If the garden is beautifully landscaped, you should feel the same inside the house, so beautiful, protected and comfortable.

As in the interior, it is important that the garden furniture gets its important dimension. In addition to functional components, comfort and aesthetics, it is important that outdoor furniture is made of materials that are resistant to weathering. If we want to have as little maintenance as possible with them, as well as that they are made of materials that allow this.

Today we have a large range of products on the market that are made of artificial materials and seemingly offer a low price and easy maintenance.

On the other hand, we have a slightly higher price range of materials and furniture, but they also offer something more. Natural materials are still and probably will be in the highest class: wood and metal. By choosing wood that is intended for outdoor use, we can achieve that its lifespan will be very long. With proper metalworking, however, we have little or no work to do. The combination of both – wood and metal can contribute to outdoor furniture with a long lifespan, beautiful aesthetic appearance and comfort.

In addition to the characteristics of the tree species, the time of felling and the conditions in which a particular tree grew also affect the resistance. The best quality is the wood of trees that grew on a cold site and were cut down in winter. Slow-growing trees from shady sites at higher altitudes have more resistant wood, which is less attractive to insects and less prone to disease. The vegetation period is shorter in such conditions, and the dormancy periods are longer. In winter, all the nutrients in the wood are used up, so in winter the cut wood reaches optimal humidity faster – it dries faster than a fallen tree in summer. In contrast, wood has the most juice in the spring and summer months, and wood cut in the summer dries more slowly. Therefore, the traditional “drought” felling technique has been developed, which is typical of the summer months. The felled trees were left to lie in the woods along with the canopy for several weeks, so that the leaves helped evaporate the tree sap. Thus treated logs dry faster, but due to time consuming (the need to return to the job site) the technique is rarely used, and only when felling for their own needs.

At HARD we offer the following types of wood for outdoor / garden furniture:


1. OAK

Oak is a classic among wood species. It has a long service life, is very resistant to damage, easy to handle and, last but not least, due to its color, it lends itself to almost any interior design. At HARD you can choose between: rustic oak and premium oak.

2. European chestnut

This type of wood, rich in tannin, does not break down easily. It is also resistant to fungi and insect attacks. It is also insensitive to climate hazards and bad weather. Due to these properties, it does not require chemical treatment. Especially flexible, easy to work with and suitable for all finishing work.

3. Teak

Teak wood is extremely naturally durable, its lifespan is more than 50 years, which is also confirmed by practice. It is resistant to fungi and insects, especially termites and shellfish. It is characterized by high resistance in fresh and sea water, resistant to weather changes. Wood is highly flammable. Teak drying is slow but good. Mechanical processing (sawing, drilling) is good. It is necessary to pay attention to the humidity of the wood and the glue used. In contact with metals, wood stains and may occasionally be biologically active. It does not split, crack or twist in sunny positions.

4. mahogany

The special feature of mahogany is not only its elegant appearance, but also its longevity, resistance to external influences, weather resistance and the fact that it only twists to a minimum and is therefore dimensionally stable. Because mahogany is relatively hard, it is quite resistant to fungi and insects. That is why it is also suitable as a floor covering for outdoor use or as garden furniture.


5. Siberian larch

The forests in Siberia are mostly dense. There is so little distance between the trunks and up only a few rays of sunlight reach an individual tree. Trees therefore grow slowly and above all in height so that they can absorb sunlight. Because they grow slowly, the trunk produces vintages that are very close together. Thus, the indigenous Siberian larch has in the vast majority more than 10 years on 1cm transversely sawn. Density is a very important factor for durability. The denser the wood, the more durable it is.

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