1. Massive wood
Solid wood is solid profile wood that is shaped and processed from all sides. Even the most valued is still solid wood, which is more difficult to afford today due to the growth of production and transport costs. Wood is obtained from coniferous or deciduous species. Tree species are quite different from each other, so it is important to pay attention to which solid wood we will choose for a specific use.
Wood is a material that has special properties that are very different from artificial materials. Like man, wood also has its anatomical structure. Wood is porous because it is made up of many tiny tubes, so it also has a direction in which it is strong and in which it is weak under the action of force. Due to the high percentage of moisture in the wood, its proper and quality treatment is very important. When dehumidified or dried, wood changes its shape, which is called wood. Improper installation or selection of wood can cause cracks.
Wood needs to be treated in various ways to prevent it from working, twisting or cracking, and with well-thought-out modern techniques we can greatly improve its strength or load-bearing capacity.
Advantages of solid wood:
- It is very durable. Scratches can be fixed much better than with real wood veneer.They impress with their charming natural look and feel.
- Solid wood is especially stable.Solid wood contributes to a good indoor climate, as it can absorb moisture but also relax it.
Disadvantages of solid wood:
- The fact that solid wood regulates humidity in the room can cause it to swell or shrink. To keep this within limits, it is recommended that the humidity in the room be between 45 and 55 percent.
2. Massive glued panels
Glued has significantly better properties than solid wood. Due to the processing and elimination of weak parts, glued wood is extremely stable and strong.
These are wooden elements that are glued together from smaller pieces of wood according to the prescribed rules according to the layout of the years. Beams and other structural elements made of glued wood have the advantage that each individual piece of wood bends in its own way, but due to the solid glued structure, all these bends are eliminated. Such wood also does not crack and is aesthetically very perfect, as the coatings on it remain durable for a significantly longer time.
Poor quality wood is used to make them. As a result, their price is significantly reduced, and some properties are greatly improved.
Veneers are thin sheets of wood up to 8 mm thick obtained by cutting and peeling veneer logs. The thickness of the veneer depends on the tree species, method of manufacture and purpose of use.
Compared to solid wood, one of the main advantages of using veneer is stability. While solid wood can be prone to bending and splitting, veneer is made from thin layers of wood glued together, which means the chances of splitting or cracking are reduced.
Some projects built with wood veneer could not be built using solid wood due to stretching and shrinkage due to temperature and humidity fluctuations. Another advantage of veneer is durability. Wood veneer furniture uses less wood than the same piece of solid wood furniture. In addition, veneer can also be more easily accessible than solid wood, as exotic hardwood can be rare and very expensive.
Ultrapas is a thin layer of plastic that is attached to a chipboard in a press. It is important that all parts are well glued together, as dirt accumulates behind poorly attached parts. Ultrapas is resistant to shocks and heat, it can also be easily cleaned with water and most other chemicals, only the contact with the wall can be a possible problem, as usually the contact there replaces some other filler (plastic or wooden finish strip). Ultra-strip panels offer the largest selection of colors and patterns, from wood to stone and a variety of paintings.
5. MDF – plates
MDF stands for medium density fiberborads. They are made of wood fibers (beech, spruce and fir) with the addition of resin.
MDF boards are recycled wood particles compressed with glue under high temperature. They can be in the raw state (in the color of wood) or enriched with melamine paper in various monochrome and wood decors, and we also get colored boards (fibers are dyed with different colors). Their advantages are: affordable price, they are stronger than chipboard, which is made of compressed sawdust, and are often lined with veneer, which creates the appearance of a board made of real wood. Compared to solid wood panels, they are lighter, the chemicals in them repel pests, and they are also not sensitive to moisture.
They are a cheap and durable alternative to imitation real wood. Adhesives are used for their use, which means that they do not contain only natural materials.